High Potassium Foods

High potassium foods, low potassium foods and associated potassium symptoms info

 
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Low Potassium Foods – Breads

Many types of bread are low potassium foods. In addition they generally are high in sodium also. Potassium, sodium and phosphorus need to be controlled in those who have the most common reason for being on a low potassium diet – those with poorly functioning kidneys. For those with poor kidneys, sodium will cause more fluid to accumulate and should be limited. This table includes sodium so you can identify those breads that are very high in sodium, and find the breads that are relatively lower in sodium.

5066aae0db1c4c4 Low Potassium Foods   BreadsThose who also have diabetes will need to limit carbohydrates, so the carbohydrate amounts are included in the table. Generally one slice of bread is considered a serving, and about 6 to 11 servings of grains, including breads, can be consumed in a day. Whole grain and high fiber breads should be avoided since they are usually higher in phosphorus. Other sources of grains include rice, pasta and noodles discussed here. Whole, intact grains for porridges and cereals, and unleavened flour, such as used for tortillas are discussed here.

The breads are all high in carbohydrates, and those in renal failure are in need of an additional source of protein to provide 8 to 10 ounces of protein foods daily. This should come from meat, poultry, fish, and eggs. Nuts, lentils and high protein grains are still lower in protein and are higher in potassium and phosphorus for equal amounts of protein.

We have included the fat, carbohydrate and sodium amounts since those usually need to be regulated in addition to potassium. If the only requirement is low potassium, the breads listed will help. They are all less than 200 mg potassium in a serving, except for the mixes that provide multiple servings.

But people with medical conditions requiring a low potassium diet most often need multiple aspects of their diet regulated, and need the advice of a doctor and dietitian to help with their specific requirements. These tables will be inadequate for managing their health, and can only serve as a guide to show how foods that seem similar will vary significantly in important dietary elements.

The weights all are grams except for the potassium and sodium, which are milligrams. The calories, protein, fat, carbohydrate, sugar, potassium and sodium values given are for 100 grams of food.

As usual, K is potassium, and Na is sodium.

Except for the potassium to sodium ratio, amount of potassium per serving, and sodium per serving (all of which we calculated), the source of data is:

USDA National Nutrient Database Standard Reference – Release 22

FoodCaloriesProteinTotal FatCarb'drtFiberSugarPotassiumSodiumServing WtServing SizeRatio K:NaK per ServingNa per Serving
Bread, banana, prepared from recipe, made with margarine3264.310.554.61.1134302571 individual, loaf (include Keebler Elfin Loaves)0.4476172
Bread, boston brown, canned1955.21.543.34.72.4318631451 slice0.5143284
Bread, cornbread, dry mix, enriched (includes corn muffin mix)4187.012.269.56.520.311311112411 package, (8.5 oz)0.12722678
Bread, cornbread, dry mix, prepared3147.210.048.12.4128778601 piece0.1677467
Bread, cornbread, prepared from recipe, made with low fat (2%) milk2666.77.143.5147658651 piece0.2296428
Bread, cracked-wheat2608.73.949.55.517753831 cubic inch0.33617
Bread, egg2839.56.047.82.31.8115492401 slice, (5" x 3" x 1/2")0.2346197
Bread, egg, toasted31510.56.652.62.51.9126540371 slice, (5" x 3" x 1/2")0.2347200
Bread, french or vienna (includes sourdough)28911.81.856.42.42.6128650321 slice, small (2" x 2-1/2" x 1-3/4")0.241208
Bread, french or vienna, toasted (includes sourdough)31913.02.161.93.13.6140720591 slice, medium0.1983425
Bread, italian2718.83.550.02.70.8110584301 slice, large (4-1/2" x 3-1/4" x 3/4")0.1933175
Bread, Multi-Grain (includes whole-grain)26513.44.243.37.46.4230420261 slice, regular0.5561111
Bread, Multi-Grain, toasted (includes whole-grain)28814.54.647.18.16.9250457241 slice, regular0.5560110
Bread, oat bran23610.44.439.84.57.7147407301 slice0.3644122
Bread, oat bran, toasted25911.44.843.74.98.5123448271 slice0.2733121
Bread, oatmeal2698.44.448.548.1142599271 slice0.2438162
Bread, oatmeal, toasted2929.24.852.74.38.8154651251 slice0.2439163
Bread, pita, white, enriched2759.11.255.72.21.3120536281 pita, small (4" dia)0.2234150
Bread, protein (includes gluten)24512.12.243.831.4322547191 slice0.5961104
Bread, pumpernickel2508.73.147.56.50.5208671261 slice, regular0.3154174
Bread, pumpernickel, toasted2759.53.452.27.10.6228738291 slice, (5" x 4" x 3/8")0.3166214
Bread, raisin, enriched2747.94.452.34.35.7227390321 slice, large0.5873125
Bread, raisin, toasted, enriched2978.64.856.94.76.2246424291 slice, large0.5871123
Bread, reduced-calorie, oat bran2018.03.241.3123.5102351231 slice0.292381
Bread, reduced-calorie, oat bran, toasted2399.53.849.214.34.2122418191 slice0.292379
Bread, reduced-calorie, oatmeal2107.63.543.3124388231 slice0.322989
Bread, reduced-calorie, rye2039.12.940.5122.398405231 slice0.242393
Bread, reduced-calorie, wheat1989.12.343.6123.1122511231 slice0.2428118
Bread, reduced-calorie, white2078.72.544.39.74.876453231 slice0.1717104
Bread, rice bran2438.94.643.54.94.7215440271 slice0.4958119
Bread, rye2588.53.348.35.83.9166660321 slice, regular0.2553211
Bread, rye, toasted2849.43.653.16.44.2183725291 slice, large0.2553210
Bread, wheat26610.93.647.53.65.8184521251 slice0.3546130
Bread, wheat, toasted31313.04.355.84.76.4223611241 slice0.3654147
Bread, wheat bran2488.83.447.849.7227486361 slice0.4782175
Bread, wheat germ2619.62.948.32.13.7254553281 slice0.4671155
Bread, white, commercially prepared (includes soft bread crumbs)2667.63.350.62.44.3100681351 cup, cubes0.1535238
Bread, white, commercially prepared, toasted2939.04.054.42.54.7131592421 cup, cubes0.2255249
Bread, white, prepared from recipe, made with nonfat dry milk2747.72.653.62111336441 slice0.3349148
Bread, white, prepared from recipe, made with low fat (2%) milk2857.95.749.62146359421 slice0.4161151
Bread, whole-wheat, commercially prepared24713.03.441.36.85.6248472281 slice0.5369132
Bread, whole-wheat, commercially prepared, toasted30616.34.151.29.25.8326583251 slice0.5682146
Bread, whole-wheat, prepared from recipe2788.45.451.463.8314346461 slice, regular (4" x 5" x 3/4")0.91144159
Bread, whole-wheat, prepared from recipe, toasted3059.25.956.46.74.2345381421 slice0.91145160
Bread sticks, plain41212.09.568.431.312465751 stick, small (approx 4-1/4" long)0.19633
Bread stuffing, bread, dry mix38611.03.476.23.28.324615901701 package, (6 oz)0.154182703
Bread stuffing, bread, dry mix, prepared1773.28.621.72.92.174543100.5 cup0.1474543
Bread stuffing, cornbread, dry mix38910.04.276.714.34.820412831701 package, (6 oz)0.163472181
Bread stuffing, cornbread, dry mix, prepared1792.98.821.92.93.962455100.5 cup0.1462455
Bread, protein, toasted (includes gluten)27013.22.448.13.31.4346601171 slice0.5859102
Bread, rice bran, toasted2649.75.047.35.35.1212478251 slice0.4453120
Bread, wheat germ, toasted29310.73.354.32.34.1285621251 slice0.4671155
Bread, cornbread, dry mix, unenriched (includes corn muffin mix)4187.012.269.56.511311112411 package, (8.5 oz)0.12722678
Bread, pita, white, unenriched2759.11.255.72.2120536601 pita, large (6-1/2" dia)0.2272322
Bread, raisin, unenriched2747.94.452.34.3227390321 slice, large0.5873125
Bread, white, commercially prepared, low sodium no salt2678.23.649.52.34.311927351 cup, cubes4.4429
Bread, white, commercially prepared, toasted, low sodium no salt2939.04.054.413130231 slice4.4307
Bread, pan dulce, sweet yeast bread3679.411.656.42.312.5103228631 slice, (average weight of 1 slice)0.4565144

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Two excellent books about high potassium foods and blood pressure reduction are available on Amazon. The first is a practical guide to changing your diet to a high potassium foods diet. It is helpful even if you do not have hypertension. The second is a scientific explanation of the diet. It discusses the changes to your body that occur with high potassium foods.

Practical Guide

Scientific Explanation

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